What is a cookie?
A cookie is a harmless text file that is stored in your browser when you visit any website. The purpose of the cookie is to allow the website to remember your visit when you go back to browse this page. Although many people don’t know it, cookies have been used for 20 years, when they appeared in the first browsers for the World Wide Web.
What is a cookie NOT?
It is not a virus, a Trojan horse, a worm, spam, spyware, nor does it open pop-up windows.
What information do cookies store?
Cookies do not usually store sensitive information about you, such as credit card or bank details, photographs, your ID details, or personal information, etc. The data they store is of a technical nature, personal preferences, personalization of content, etc.
The web server does not associate this information with you personally, but instead with your web browser. In fact, if you usually browse with Internet Explorer and try to browse the same website with Firefox or Chrome, you’ll see that the website doesn’t realize that you are the same person, because in reality it recognizes the browser, not the individual.
What type of cookies are there?
- Technical cookies técnicas: these are the most basic cookies and they help, amongst other things, to find out whether it is a human on automatized application browsing, and when an anonymous user or a registered user is browsing – basic tasks for the operation of any dynamic website.
- Analysis cookies: these cookies gather information about the type of browsing taking place, which sections are most used, which products are consulted, which times it is used, the language, etc.
- Advertising cookies: they show adverts depending on your browsing, your country of origin, your language, etc.
What are own and third-party cookies?
Own cookies are those generated by the page you are visiting, and third-party cookies are those generated by external services and providers such as Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc.
What happens if I deactivate cookies?
So that you understand the effects that deactivating cookies may have, we will show you some examples:
- You will not be able to share content from this website on Facebook, Twitter or any other social network.
- The website will not be able to adapt the content to your personal preferences, as tends to happen with online stores.
- You will not be able to access the personal area of this website, for example My account, My profile or My orders.
- Online shops: It will be impossible for you to make online orders. They will have to be made by telephone, or by visiting the physical shop if there is one.
- It will not be possible to personalize your geographic preferences such as time zone, currency or language.
- The website may not carry out web analytics on visitors and web traffic, which will make it difficult for the website to be competitive.
- You will not be able to write on the blog, or be able to upload photos, publish comments, or rate content. The website will not know if you are a human or an automatic application that publishes spam.
- No sectorized advertising will be shown, which will reduce the website’s advertising revenue.
Can cookies be deleted?
Yes. Not only can they be deleted, but they can also be blocked (either generally or specifically for a certain domain).
To delete cookies from a website, you must go to your browser settings and there you will be able to find the cookies associated with the domain in question and proceed to delete them.
Cookie settings for the most popular browsers
Below we show you how to access a particular cookie on the browser Chrome. Note: these steps may vary depending on the version of the browser:
- Go to “Settings” or “Preferences”, menu “Archive”, or click on the settings icon that appears at the top right of the screen.
- You will see different sections. Click on Show advanced options.
- Go to Privacy, Content configuration.
- Select All cookies and site data.
- A list of all cookies ordered by domain will appear. So that it is easier for you to find the cookies for a certain domain, partially or fully enter the address in the field Search cookies.
- After filtering, a screen or various lines with the cookies for the requested website will appear. Now you just need to select it and click X to delete it.
To access cookie settings for the browser Internet Explorer, follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Go to Tools, Internet Options
- Click on Privacy.
- Move the slider to choose the level of privacy you want.
To access cookie settings for the browser Firefox follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Go to Options or Preferences depending on your operating system.
- Click on Privacy.
- In Log select Use customized settings for the log.
- You will now see the Accept cookies option. You can activate or deactivate it according to your preferences.
To access cookie settings for the browser Safari for OSX follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Go to Preferences, then Privacy.
- Here you will see the option Block cookies where you can select which types you wish to block.
To access cookie settings for the browser Safari for iOS follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Go to Settings, then Safari.
- Go to Privacy and Security. You will see the option Block cookies where you can select which types you wish to block.
To access cookie settings for the browser for Android devices, follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Launch the browser and click the Menu key, then Settings.
- Go to Security and Privacy, where you will see the option Accept cookies so you can select or unselect this box.
To access cookie settings for the browser for Windows Phone devices, follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Open Internet Explorer, then More, then Configuration
- Now you can select or unselect the Allow cookies.